Objective: There is an extensive corpus of knowledge about how misinformation may distort autobiographical memories. A diagnostic error can be conceptualised as a form of misinformation.
Methods: The authors discuss the case of a 58-year-old woman who was given a misdiagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
Results: The patient was deeply convinced that the diagnosis was correct, even when she was confronted with contradictory evidence.
Conclusion: A diagnosis is not a neutral piece of information. It profoundly affects the lives of patients. The consequences of a misdiagnosis may be similar to persistent false memories.
- Alzheimer's disease