Physical Activity Measured With Implanted Devices Predicts Patient Outcome in Chronic Heart Failure

Viviane M. Conraads, Martijn A. Spruit, Frieder Braunschweig, Martin R. Cowie, Luigi Tavazzi, Martin Borggrefe, Michael R. S. Hill, Sandra Jacobs, Bart Gerritse, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Physical activity (PA) predicts cardiovascular mortality in the population at large. Less is known about its prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure (HF).Data from 836 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator without or with cardiac resynchronization therapy enrolled in the Sensitivity of the InSync Sentry OptiVol feature for the prediction of Heart Failure (SENSE-HF)(1) study and the Diagnostic Outcome Trial in Heart Failure (DOT-HF) were pooled. The devices continuously measured and stored total daily active time (single-axis accelerometer). Early PA (average daily activity over the earliest 30-day study period) was studied as a predictor of time to death or HF-related hospital admission (primary end point). Data from 781 patients were analyzed (65?10 years; 85% men; left ventricular ejection fraction, 26?7%). Older age, shorter height, ischemic cause, peripheral artery disease, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, rales, peripheral edema, higher New York Heart Association class, lower diastolic blood pressure, and no angiotensin II receptor blocker/angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use were associated with reduced early PA. The primary end point occurred in 135 patients (15?7 months of follow-up). In multivariable analysis including baseline variables, early PA predicted death or HF hospitalization, with a 4% reduction in risk for each 10 minutes per day additional activity (hazard ratio [HR], 0.96; confidence interval [CI], 0.94-0.98; P=0.0002 compared with a model with the same baseline variables but without PA). PA also predicted death (HR, 0.93; CI, 0.90-0.96; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-287
JournalCirculation-Heart Failure
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • physical activity
  • mortality
  • heart failure

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