Phenotypic variability including Behcet's disease-like manifestations in DADA2 patients due to a homozygous c.973-2A > G splice site mutation

G. T. J. van Well, B. Kant, A. van Nistelrooij, S. Sirma Ekmekci, S. S. V. Henriet, E. Hoppenreijs, M. van Deuren, J. van Montfrans, S. Nierkens, A. Gul*, M. E. van Gijn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective. To describe phenotypic and functional characteristics of patients with the homozygous c.973-2A>G splice site mutation in the adenosine deaminase 2 (ADA2) gene (rs139750129), resulting in deficiency of ADA2 (DADA2).

Methods. We present case synopses of six patients from three unrelated families. Clinical data were analysed and next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed. We also tested for aberrant RNA splicing and measured ADA2 enzyme activity.

Results. One family had common DADA2 symptoms, whereas Behcet's disease-like manifestations were observed in the other two families. We detected the homozygous c.973-2A>G splice site mutation in ADA2 in all patients tested. ADA2 enzyme activity was significantly lower in patients than in healthy controls, but no correlation between ADA2 activity levels and disease severity was observed. Aberrant splicing was detected in a minority of mRNA transcripts, but the formation of other, undetected, aberrant splicing products could not be excluded. Patients were treated with TNF-alpha inhibitors to prevent recurrence of inflammatory findings including cerebral vasculitis-associated stroke.

Conclusion. We describe three families with the same homozygous splice site mutation in ADA2 and observed a novel combination of manifestations resembling Behcet's disease. This further expands the range of phenotypes caused by ADA2 mutations, although no complete genotype-phenotype association could be determined. Even without active disease, the risk of stroke should be addressed in making decisions regarding treatment of DADA2 patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Issue number121/6
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • ADA2
  • DADA2
  • systemic inflammation
  • vasculitis
  • polyarteritis nodosa
  • early-onset stroke
  • Behcet's disease-like manifestations
  • splice site mutation
  • genotype
  • phenotype
  • CECR1

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