Objective Antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AiWG) is a debilitating adverse effect of most antipsychotics. First-episode psychosis patients are particularly vulnerable to the detrimental consequences of AiWG. Amisulpride has good efficacy and tolerability. We here aimed to identify the phenotypic factors associated with amisulpride-induced weight gain in first-episode psychosis patients. Method Data were collected from the Optimization of Treatment and Management of Schizophrenia in Europe trial. Multivariable regression models with various phenotypic variables (N = 305) were performed with absolute AiWG and clinically relevant AiWG (>= 7% AiWG) as outcomes. Results Four weeks of amisulpride treatment increased body weight from 69.7 to 72.4 kg (P <0.001). In the regression model of absolute AiWG, unemployment (beta = 0.94, P = 0.016), younger age (beta = -0.07, P = 0.031) and absence of current comorbid major depression disorder (beta = -1.61, P = 0.034) were positively associated with absolute AiWG. In the regression model of clinically relevant AiWG, unemployment (OR = 2.83, P = 0.001), schizophreniform disorder (OR = 2.00, P = 0.025) and low baseline weight (OR = 0.97, P = 0.032) increased the likelihood of clinically relevant AiWG. Conclusions Clinicians prescribing amisulpride should consider the relatively high susceptibility to AiWG in unemployed first-episode patients with psychosis, in particular young subjects with a diagnosis of schizophreniform disorder. We advise to carefully monitor these patients and, when needed, implement weight-reducing strategies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2019|
- weight gain