Perspectives on the Fellowship Training in Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Anesthesia and Critical Care in Europe From Program Directors and Educational Leads Around Europe

M.R. El Tahan, M. Vasquez, R.P. Alston, G. Erdoes, J.U. Schreiber, J. Fassl, K. Wilkinson, A.F. Forner, V. von Dossow, D. Greenhalgh, M.J. Plamondon, C.N. Neto, G. Paternoster, G. Landoni*, J.M. Erb, F. Guarracino, C. Mukherjee, P. Rosseel, S. Howell, J. EnderB.S. Rasmussen, A. Heba, T. Antoniou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article reviews fellowship training in adult cardiac, thoracic, and vascular anesthesia and critical care from the perspective of European program initiators and educational leaders in these subspecialties together with current training fellows. Currently, the European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiology (EACTA) network has 20 certified fellowship positions each year in 10 hosting centers within 7 European countries, with 2 positions outside Europe (Sao Paulo, Brazil). Since 2009, 42 fellows have completed the fellowship training. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the rationale, requirements, and contributions of the fellows, in the context of the developmental progression of the EACTA fellowship in adult cardiac, thoracic, and vascular anesthesia and critical care from inception to present. A summary of the program structure, accreditation of host centers, requirements to join the program, teaching and assessment tools, certification, and training requirements in transesophageal electrocardiography is outlined. In addition, a description of the current state of EACTA fellowships across Europe, and a perspective for future steps and challenges to the educational program, is provided. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-520
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • anesthesia
  • cardiac anesthesia
  • cardiothoracic anesthesiology
  • europe fellowship
  • fellowship structure
  • intensive care
  • postgraduate education
  • program director
  • Europe fellowship

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