Peritoneal Metastases from Extraperitoneal Primary Tumors: Incidence, Treatment, and Survival from a Nationwide Database

A. Rijken, L.J.K. Galanos, J.W.A. Burger, S.W. Nienhuijs, F.N. van Erning, I.H.J.T. de Hingh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)


The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, treatment, and survival of patients with synchronous peritoneal metastases (PM) from extraperitoneal primary tumors. A cohort was selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR), in which all patients diagnosed with PM in 2017 and 2018 were screened for eligibility. The five most common primary extraperitoneal origins of PM were included for further analyses: lung, breast, urinary tract, and kidney cancer and malignant melanoma. Survival was investigated using log-rank test between different primary tumor locations. In total, 480 patients were diagnosed with synchronous PM from extraperitoneal origins. The proportion of patients with PM per extraperitoneal origin ranged between 0.1 and 1.1%, with the highest proportion in lung cancer patients. Of all patients, 234 (49%) received tumor-directed treatment and 246 (51%) received no tumor-directed treatment. Survival in patients with PM from lung, breast, urinary tract, and kidney cancer and malignant melanoma was 1.6 months, 15.7 months, 5.4 months, 3.4 months, and 2.1 months, respectively (p < 0.001). In this study, a small, although significant number of patients with extraperitoneal cancer developed PM. The reported survival in patients with PM ranged between 1.6 and 15.7 months. Only half of the patients with PM received tumor-directed treatment and survival in patients without tumor-directed treatment was only 1.2 months. These findings are stressing the need to explore new diagnostic tools that may enable earlier diagnosis of PM and may potentially lead to a more effective treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jul 2022


  • Peritoneal metastases
  • Extraperitoneal origin
  • Incidence
  • Treatment
  • Survival

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