Perioperative findings and complications in Essure® removal surgery

D.L. Horsten*, D.M. van Gastel, L.W. Maassen, C.A.M. Koks, S. Veersema, M.Y. Bongers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: To analyze perioperative findings and complications in surgical removal of Essure (R) microinserts. Study Design: A prospective cohort study of 274 patients who underwent surgical removal of Essure (R) microinserts. Outcomes of the surgical procedures and complications were entered into a digital case report form (CRF) by the surgeon and registered in an online database. Results were analyzed through IBM SPSS Statistics using descriptive statistical methods.Results: During laparoscopic inspection in 15.4 % of fallopian tubes (n = 80) a chicken wing sign (the fallopian tube folding over the most distal part of the microinsert) was seen. Partial tubal perforation and total tubal perforation with migration of the microinsert out of the fallopian tube were seen in respectively 1.9 % (n = 10) and 0.2 % (n = 1) of cases. The microinserts were removed by laparoscopic tubotomy and extraction, followed by bilateral salpingectomy in 91.2 % of cases. In 7.3 % of cases (n = 20) a hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy was performed for additional indications than solely Essure (R) removal. Four microinserts were taken out entirely by means of hysteroscopy (1.5 %). We did not see major surgery related complications, however we found a risk of minor complications during or after surgery of respectively 1.6 % (n = 4) and 3.9 % (n = 10).Conclusions: During laparoscopic inspection, abnormalities were seen in 22.8 % (n = 119) of fallopian tubes, of which the chicken wing sign was the most common. Partial and total tubal perforation with migration of the microinsert were rare. The complication rate of Essure (R) removal surgery in our prospective study is low and complications are minor, without any major complication. However, while counseling patients with a request for surgical removal of Essure (R) microinserts, these results should be mentioned. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • Essure
  • Removal surgery
  • Laparoscopy
  • Complication
  • Sterilization

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