Objective: This study aimed to compare perioperative and postoperative outcomes after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in patients with various neck morphologic features.
Methods: Data from the Endurant Stent Graft Natural Selection Global Postmarket Registry (ENGAGE) were used for the analyses. Patients were categorized into three different groups according to proximal aortic neck anatomy: regular (REG), intermediate (INT), and challenging (CHA). REG was defined as AAAs with a proximal neck >= 15 mm combined with a suprarenal angulation (alpha) 15 mm combined with alpha
Results: Overall, 925 patients (75.9%) had REG anatomy, 189 patients (15.5%) had INT anatomy, and 104 patients (8.5%) had CHA anatomy. Patient demographics and risk factors were similar. There was a significant difference in AAA diameter between the REG and CHA groups (59.4 mm vs 65.2 mm; P <.001). Technical success was similar among groups (REG 99.1% vs INT 99.5% vs CHA 97.1%). There were no differences in mortality or the need for secondary procedures within 30 days or at 1 year. A significantly higher rate of type I endoleaks within 30 days was seen in CHA compared with REG (adjusted odds ratio, 0.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.46) and INT (adjusted odds ratio, 0.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.01-0.70), but there was no difference at 1-year follow-up.
Conclusions: This real-world, global experience shows promising results and indicates that endovascular AAA repair with the Endurant stent graft (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) is safe and effective in patients with challenging aortic neck anatomy. However, long-term follow-up of patients is required to confirm results.
- AORTIC-ANEURYSM REPAIR
- ENDOVASCULAR AAA REPAIR
- NECK ANGULATION