Performance of a polarized deuterium internal target in a medium-energy electron storage ring

Z.L. Zhou, M. FerroLuzzi, J.F.J. van den Brand, H.J. Bulten, R. Alarcon, R. vanBommel, T. Botto, M. Bouwhuis, M. Buchholz, S. Choi, J. Comfort, M. Doets, S. Dolfini, R. Ent, C. Gaulard, C.W. deJager, J. Lang, D.J. deLange, M.A. Miller, E. PasschierI. Passchier, H.R. Poolman, E. Six, J. Steijger, O. Unal, H. deVries

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Abstract

A polarized deuterium target internal to a medium-energy electron storage ring is described in the context of spin-dependent (e,e''d) and (e,e''p) experiments. Tensor polarized deuterium was produced in an atomic beam source and injected into a storage eel target. A Breit-Rabi polarimeter was used to monitor the injected atomic beam polarization. An electrostatic ion-extraction system and a Wien filter were utilized to measure on-line the atomic fraction of the target gas (71+/-2%) in the storage cell. A target thickness t similar or equal to 2x10(13) H-2/cm(2) was achieved. The target tensor polarization was varied from P-zz(+)=0.49(3) to P-zz(-)=-0.89(6) while keeping the vector polarization P-z at zero. The luminosity was similar to 2x10(31) e(-).H-2 . cm(-2)S(-1) at a beam current of 120 mA. The performance was stable over a five-week running period. A large acceptance non-magnetic detector system was used for the electron-proton (deuteron) coincidence measurement. It is demonstrated that these techniques result in low backgrounds due to scattering from species other than the polarized target gas and anew for fast and flexible orientation of the target spin. Specific issues such as interfacing the experiment to the storage ring and monitoring the performance of the target system are discussed in detail.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-56
Number of pages17
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume378
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HYDROGEN ATOMIC-BEAMS
  • GAS TARGETS
  • LOW-TEMPERATURE
  • CELL
  • SCATTERING

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