Dietary modulation of the response of gut satiety hormones, which partly regulate food intake, provides a promising treatment for overweight and obesity. Gut-derived cell lines such as STC-1 are widely used to investigate these hormonal responses to nutrients. To date, no peptide-YY (PYY) secreting cell line has been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether STC-1 cells are able to secrete PYY and if so, whether dietary compounds can modulate PYY secretion. The effects of fatty acid types C4:0, C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, and C18:0 on PYY release were investigated by measuring PYY in the supernatant after 30, 60, 90, and 120 min of incubation, respectively, using RIA assays. The STC-1 cells were able to secrete PYY in a time-dependent manner. It was shown that after 30 min, C4:0, C12:0, C16:0, and C18:0 caused increased PYY levels compared to the control. At time points 60 and 90 min, C4:0 and C18:0 induced elevated PYY levels compared to the control. After 120 min, C4:0, C14:0, and C18:0 caused elevated levels compared to the control. We are the first to show that the STC-1 cells are also able to secrete PYY next to cholecystokinin (CCK) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Addition of fatty acids resulted in increased levels of PYY, which is consistent with the literature describing human studies. We conclude that the STC-1 cell line provides an appropriate cell line for screening the effects of ingredients on the release of the satiety-related gut hormones CCK, GLP-1, and PYY.
Geraedts, M. C. P., Troost, F. J., & Saris, W. H. (2009). Peptide-YY is released by the intestinal cell line STC-1. Journal of Food Science, 74(2), H79-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01074.x