BACKGROUND: Membrane-exposed sulfatides are proposed to contribute to P-selectin-dependent platelet aggregation. Here, we demonstrated that P-selectin-mediated platelet aggregation on a collagen-coated surface under flow indeed depended on sulfatides and that this interaction differed considerably from the interaction of P-selectin with P-selectin Glycoprotein Ligand-1 (PSGL-1), which underlies leukocyte-endothelium adhesion.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Upon platelet activation, sulfatides were translocated to the platelet surface to form focal hot-spots. Interestingly, P-selectin was observed to exclusively interact with liposomes with a sulfatide density higher than 21% (w/w), indicating that the binding profile of P-selectin for sulfatide-rich liposomes was dependent on sulfatide density. Sulfatide-liposome binding to P-selectin and sulfatide/P-selectin-dependent platelet aggregation was blunted by peptide antagonists, carrying the EWVDV motif within N-terminal extensions, such as CDVEWVDVSC (half maximal inhibitory concentration IC50 = 0.2 μM), but not by the EWVDV core motif itself (IC50 > 1000 μM), albeit both being equally potent inhibitors of PSGL-1/P-selectin interaction (IC50= 7-12 μM).
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the sulfatide/P-selectin interaction implicates multiple binding pockets, which only partly overlap with that of PSGL-1. These observations open ways to selectively interfere with sulfatide/P-selectin-dependent platelet aggregation without affecting PSGL-1-dependent cell adhesion.
- GRANULE MEMBRANE-PROTEIN