PEPCK mRNA localization in proximal tubule and gene regulation during metabolic acidosis

K.D. Drewnowska, M.R. Craig, S.R. Digiovanni, J.M. McCarthy, A.F. Moorman, W.H. Lamers, A.C. Schoolwerth

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Abstract

PEPCK mRNA localization in proximal tubule and gene regulation during metabolic acidosis.

Drewnowsk KD, Craig MR, Digiovanni SR, McCarty JM, Moorman AF, Lamers WH, Schoolwerth AC.

Department of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0160, USA.

To identify the nephron segments expressing PEPCK in control and acidotic conditions, PEPCK mRNA was localized in rat kidney using the technique of reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in individual microdissected S1 S2, and S3 segments of the rat proximal tubule. In controls, the number of tubules expressing PEPCK mRNA was greatest in the S3 segment, moderate in the S2 segment, and least in the S1 segment of the proximal tubule. After NH4Cl feeding, strong signals for PEPCK mRNA were detected in all three proximal tubule segments. In situ hybridization demonstrated expression of PEPCK mRNA only in the medullary rays in controls. After NH4Cl, PEPCK mRNA was expressed throughout the cortex, confirming the RT-PCR results. These data demonstrate the ability of the rat kidney cortex to modulate the expression of PEPCK mRNA during metabolic acidosis by recruitment of additional cells in the proximal nephrons. Studies with cultured LLC-PK1-F+ cells indicated that increased PEPCK gene transcription at acid pH required a cis-acting element (enhancer) in the more distal 5' flanking region of the promoter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-20
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume53
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

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