Pentoxifylline improves the tissue oxygen extraction capabilities during endotoxic shock.

H. Zhang, H. Spapen, M. Benlabed, D.N. Nguyen, W.A. Buurman, J.L. Vincent

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Pentoxifylline (PTX), a xanthine derivative used in the treatment of circulatory insufficiency, has been found to have protective effects in different models of sepsis. We hypothesized that this drug might improve the cellular oxygen availability following endotoxin challenge by increasing oxygen delivery (DO2) and/or tissue oxygen extraction. The oxygen extraction capabilities were studied during a reduction in blood flow induced by cardiac tamponade. Fourteen anesthetized, ventilated, and paralyzed dogs, received intravenous 2 mg/kg of Escherichia coli endotoxin followed by a continuous infusion of 20 ml/kg.h of saline. 30 min later tamponade was induced by repeated bolus injections of warm saline into the pericardial space. Seven dogs were pretreated with PTX as an intravenous bolus of 20 mg/kg, followed by a continuous infusion at 20 mg/kg.h, and the other seven dogs served as a control group. PTX largely attenuated the systemic and pulmonary vasoconstriction observed in the control group and resulted in significant increases in cardiac index, DO2 and oxygen consumption (VO2). PTX also improved ventilation/perfusion matching in the lungs as indicated by a higher PaO2 and PvO2 and a lower venous admixture than in the untreated group during cardiac tamponade (both p < .05). In addition, the critical DO2 (DO2 crit) was lower and the critical oxygen extraction ratio was higher in the PTX treated than in the control group (9.1 +/- 1.8 vs. 11.6 +/- 2.4 ml/kg.min, and 70.6 +/- 14.0 vs. 49.3 +/- 14.6%, both p < .05). The VO2/DO2 dependency slope was also steeper in the PTX-treated than in the control group (.80 +/- .28 vs. .43 +/- .19, p < .05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

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