Peer influence on snacking behavior in adolescence.

E.J. Wouters, J.K. Larsen, S.P.J. Kremers, P.C. Dagnelie, R. van Geenen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To examine the association of adolescents' snack and soft drink consumption with friendship group snack and soft drink consumption, availability of snacks and soft drinks at school, and personal characteristics, snack and soft drink consumption was assessed in 749 adolescents (398 girls, 351 boys, age 12.4-17.6 years), and their friends, and snack and soft drink availability at schools was measured. In regression analysis, consumption by friends, snack and soft drink availability within school, and personal characteristics (age, gender, education level, body mass index) were examined as determinants of snack and drink consumption. Snack and soft drink consumption was higher in boys, soft drink consumption was higher in lower educated adolescents, and snack consumption was higher in adolescents with a lower body weight. Peer group snack and soft drink consumption were associated with individual intake, particularly when availability in the canteen and vending machines was high. The association between individual and peer snack consumption was strong in boys, adolescents with a lower education level, and adolescents with lower body weights. Our study shows that individual snack and soft drink consumption is associated with specific combinations of consumption by peers, availability at school, and personal characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Adolescence
  • Peer groups
  • Social environment
  • Physical environment
  • Snacking behavior
  • FOR-DISEASE-CONTROL
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • EATING BEHAVIORS
  • SCHOOL-STUDENTS
  • SOCIAL NETWORKS
  • UNITED-STATES
  • MIDDLE SCHOOL
  • GROWTH CHARTS

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