Pathways of Education Reform 'From Below': Theorizing social movements as grassroots agents of educational change

Kai Heidemann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Merging elements of social movement theory with educational policy analysis, this article explores the question of how grassroots actors approach educational
systems as both a target of claim making, and a field of direct action. Drawing on neo-institutional theories of agency, the discussion conceptualizes some of the principal pathways of collective action through which grassroots education reform initiatives take shape, as well as some of the corresponding dilemmas and problematics associated with these pathways.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-72
JournalConfero: Essays on Education, Philosophy and Politics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2022


  • social movements, education reform, education policy

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