Partial Inhibition of the 6-Phosphofructo-2-Kinase/Fructose-2,6-Bisphosphatase-3 (PFKFB3) Enzyme in Myeloid Cells Does Not Affect Atherosclerosis

R.J.H.A. Tillie, J. De Bruijn, J. Perales-Paton, L. Temmerman, Y. Ghosheh, K. Van Kuijk, M.J. Gijbels, P. Carmeliet, K. Ley, J. Saez-Rodriguez, J.C. Sluimer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: The protein 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase-3 (PFKFB3) is a key stimulator of glycolytic flux. Systemic, partial PFKFB3 inhibition previously decreased total plaque burden and increased plaque stability. However, it is unclear which cell type conferred these positive effects. Myeloid cells play an important role in atherogenesis, and mainly rely on glycolysis for energy supply. Thus, we studied whether myeloid inhibition of PFKFB3-mediated glycolysis in Ldlr(-/-)LysMCre(+/-)Pfkfb3(fl/fl) (Pfkfb3(fl/fl)) mice confers beneficial effects on plaque stability and alleviates cardiovascular disease burden compared to Ldlr(-/-)LysMCre(+/-)Pfkfb3(wt/wt) control mice (Pfkfb3(wt/wt)).Methods and Results: Analysis of atherosclerotic human and murine single -cell populations confirmed PFKFB3/Pfkfb3 expression in myeloid cells, but also in lymphocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. Pfkfb3(wt/wt) and Pfkfb3(fl/fl) mice were fed a 0.25% cholesterol diet for 12 weeks. Pfkfb3(fl/fl) bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) showed 50% knockdown of Pfkfb3 mRNA. As expected based on partial glycolysis inhibition, extracellular acidification rate as a measure of glycolysis was partially reduced in Pfkfb3(fl/fl) compared to Pfkfb3(wt/wt) BMDMs. Unexpectedly, plaque and necrotic core size, as well as macrophage (MAC3), neutrophil (Ly6G) and collagen (Sirius Red) content were unchanged in advanced Pfkfb3(fl/fl) lesions. Similarly, early lesion plaque and necrotic core size and total plaque burden were unaffected.Conclusion: Partial myeloid knockdown of PFKFB3 did not affect atherosclerosis development in advanced or early lesions. Previously reported positive effects of systemic, partial PFKFB3 inhibition on lesion stabilization, do not seem conferred by monocytes, macrophages or neutrophils. Instead, other Pfkfb3-expressing cells in atherosclerosis might be responsible, such as DCs, smooth muscle cells or fibroblasts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number695684
Number of pages11
JournalFrontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2021


  • myeloid cells
  • PFKFB3
  • macrophage
  • dendritic cell
  • glycolysis
  • atherosclerosis
  • neutrophil
  • glycolysis inhibition
  • MICE


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