Parental style and Cloninger's model in psychosis

Giovanni Mansueto*, Sara Palmieri, Carlo Faravelli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Parental style and Cloninger's dimensions are associated with psychosis, but it is still unclear whether temperament, character and parenting variables are linked to specific psychotic symptoms. This study extends previous research exploring these issues. 78 patients with psychosis and 156 control subjects were recruited. Parental style was evaluated using the Measure of Parental Style. Temperament and character were evaluated using the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised. Psychotic symptoms were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. T-tests, correlations and moderation and mediation analyses were performed. Patients reported dysfunctional parenting and had higher scores for harm avoidance (HA) and self transcendence (ST), and lower scores for self directedness (SD) and cooperativeness (CO) than controls. Maternal indifference, abuse and overcontrol were correlated with positive symptoms (PS). Novelty seeking (NS), reward dependence, SD, CO were correlated with PS; HA and ST were correlated with negative symptoms. After adjusting for age, gender and family history of psychopathology lower CO partially mediated the relationship between maternal abuse and PS; the positive NS-maternal abuse interaction was associated with PS. Different parenting and personality variables may be associated with different psychotic symptoms. NS and CO may be part of a pathway between maternal abuse and PS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume269
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Parenting
  • Childhood adversities
  • Temperament
  • Character
  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms
  • Emotional distres
  • Schizophrenia
  • NEGATIVE-SYNDROME-SCALE
  • SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM DISORDERS
  • PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • CHILDHOOD ADVERSITIES
  • NONCLINICAL SAMPLE
  • BONDING INSTRUMENT
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • FAMILY-INTERACTION
  • EXPRESSED EMOTION
  • MENTAL-DISORDERS

Cite this