Palliative chemotherapy for patients with synchronous metastases of small-bowel adenocarcinoma: A reflection of daily practice

Laura M. Legue*, Nienke Bernards, Valery E. P. P. Lemmens, Ignace H. J. T. de Hingh, Geert-Jan Creemers, Felice N. van Erning

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background As small-bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is scarce, no standard systemic regimen in metastatic disease has been defined. Objective To obtain insights into the use and effects of palliative chemotherapy in patients with metastatic SBA in a population-based setting. Methods Data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry of patients with metastatic SBA between 2007 and 2016 were used (n = 522). For patients treated with palliative chemotherapy, differences in treatment regimens and survival were evaluated. Results Palliative chemotherapy was received by 38% of patients (n = 199). First-line combination chemotherapy was administered to 80% of patients, mainly CAPOX/FOLFOX. Single-agent chemotherapy mostly consisted of capecitabine. Second-line treatment, mostly irinotecan-based (58%), was prescribed to 27% of patients. Age 70 years or older was an adverse predictive factor for receiving first-line combination chemotherapy (odds ratio (OR) 0.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.08-0.62) and second-line therapy (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.10-0.72). Median overall survival with palliative chemotherapy was 9.3 months, compared with 3.0 months without. In subanalyses, patients who received only first-line treatment had a median overall survival of 5.6 and 7.0 months after single-agent and combination chemotherapy, respectively. Conclusion A minority of patients were treated with palliative chemotherapy. First-line treatment consisted predominantly of oxaliplatin-based combination chemotherapy, whereas second-line treatment was mainly irinotecan-based. Population-based median overall survival for selected patients treated with chemotherapy amounted to nine months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1388
Number of pages9
JournalUnited European Gastroenterology Journal
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • metastasis
  • population-based
  • small-bowel adenocarcinoma
  • survival
  • treatment
  • ADVANCED COLORECTAL-CANCER
  • PHASE-II
  • 1ST-LINE TREATMENT
  • OXALIPLATIN
  • FLUOROURACIL
  • CAPECITABINE
  • LEUCOVORIN
  • IRINOTECAN
  • SURVIVAL
  • 5-FLUOROURACIL

Cite this