Palbociclib in Hormone-Receptor-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

Nicholas C Turner, Jungsil Ro, Fabrice André, Sherene Loi, Sunil Verma, Hiroji Iwata, Nadia Harbeck, Sibylle Loibl, Cynthia Huang Bartlett, Ke Zhang, Carla Giorgetti, Sophia Randolph, Maria Koehler, Massimo Cristofanilli

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Abstract

Background Growth of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer is dependent on cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4 and CDK6), which promote progression from the G1 phase to the S phase of the cell cycle. We assessed the efficacy of palbociclib (an inhibitor of CDK4 and CDK6) and fulvestrant in advanced breast cancer. Methods This phase 3 study involved 521 patients with advanced hormone-receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer that had relapsed or progressed during prior endocrine therapy. We randomly assigned patients in a 2:1 ratio to receive palbociclib and fulvestrant or placebo and fulvestrant. Premenopausal or perimenopausal women also received goserelin. The primary end point was investigator-assessed progression-free survival. Secondary end points included overall survival, objective response, rate of clinical benefit, patient-reported outcomes, and safety. A preplanned interim analysis was performed by an independent data and safety monitoring committee after 195 events of disease progression or death had occurred. Results The median progression-free survival was 9.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.5 to not estimable) with palbociclib-fulvestrant and 3.8 months (95% CI, 3.5 to 5.5) with placebo-fulvestrant (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.32 to 0.56; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-219
Number of pages11
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

Turner, N. C., Ro, J., André, F., Loi, S., Verma, S., Iwata, H., Harbeck, N., Loibl, S., Huang Bartlett, C., Zhang, K., Giorgetti, C., Randolph, S., Koehler, M., & Cristofanilli, M. (2015). Palbociclib in Hormone-Receptor-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 373, 209-219. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1505270