Oversensing issues leading to device extraction: When subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator reached a dead-end

Antoine Noel*, Sylvain Ploux, Samuel Bulliard, Marc Strik, Andreas Haeberlin, Nicolas Welte, Hugo Marchand, Nicolas Klotz, Philippe Ritter, Michel Haissaguerre, Pierre Bordachar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

BACKGROUND Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) implantations are rapidly expanding. However, the subcutaneous detection and interpretation of cardiac signals in S-ICDs is much more challenging than by conventional devices. There is a complete paradigm shift in cardiac signal sensing with subcutaneous signal detection, leading in some cases to oversensing with restricted programming options.

OBJECTIVES The aim of this single-center study was to quantify and describe cases where recurring oversensing made the extraction of the device necessary.

METHODS Consecutive patients (n = 108) implanted with an S-ICD in our tertiary referral hospital were considered for analysis. Clinical and remote monitoring data were analyzed.

RESULTS The S-ICD had to be explanted in 6 of 108 implanted patients (5.6%) because of refractory oversensing issues: myopotential oversensing, P- or T-wave oversensing, rate-dependent left bundle branch block aberrancy during exercise with R-wave double counting, and R-wave amplitude decrease after ventricular tachycardia ablation leading to noise detection. Seventeen of 108 patients experienced oversensing (15.7%): 9 patients had at least 1 inappropriate charge without a shock (8.3%), 3 patients had at least 1 inappropriate shock (2.8%), and 5 patients had both episodes (4.6%).

CONCLUSION So far, cardiologists have had to deal with transvenous ICD lead fractures, but signal oversensing without correcting programming option could be the equivalent weakness of S-ICDs, despite an adequate screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-74
Number of pages9
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Inappropriate therapy
  • Oversensing
  • Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • PERFORMANCE
  • EFFICACY
  • THERAPY
  • SHOCKS
  • SAFETY

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