Outcomes of a community-based treatment programme for people with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase: a pilot study

Marij Middag - van Spanje, Sanne Smeets, Jolanda van Haastregt, Caroline van Heugten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)


The objective of the study was to evaluate the outcomes of Brainz, a low intensity community-based treatment programme for people with acquired brain injury (ABI). Participants were 62 people with sustained ABI (5.2 years post-injury, SD = 4.5) and 35 family caregivers. Participants attended two to five cognitive and physical group modules and received two hours of individual home treatment every two weeks. Primary outcomes for people with ABI were participation, perceived difficulties in daily life and need of care, level of goal attainment, and self-esteem. Primary family caregiver outcome was perceived burden of care. Attrition rate of people with ABI was 24% (n = 15), and of family caregivers was 31% (n = 11). People with ABI were more satisfied with the level of their participation after completing Brainz (p < .01), but showed no change in participation frequency or in restrictions (both ps > .01). They perceived fewer difficulties in daily life and less need of care (both ps < .01). Also, in two cognitive modules people improved on their goal achievement (p < .01). However, their self-esteem was reduced (p < .01). Caregiver burden was reduced (p < .01). This study has provided preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of a combined group-based clinical and individual home-based treatment programme, but more research is needed, preferably in larger controlled studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-321
Number of pages17
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Issue number2
Early online date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Journal Article
  • MOCA
  • Acquired brain injury
  • outcomes
  • community-based rehabilitation
  • chronic
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Brain Injuries/psychology
  • Young Adult
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Pilot Projects
  • Self Concept
  • Aged
  • Goals
  • Activities of Daily Living/psychology
  • Adaptation, Psychological

Cite this