We describe the fundamental concept of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and discuss the two main working principles time domain OCT and frequency domain OCT. Then, we review extended functionalities including spectrally and polarization-resolved OCT as well as Doppler-OCT and show concepts for contrast enhancement. Based on these fundamentals, we demonstrate the potential of OCT for small animal imaging on the basis of exemplary studies on retinal imaging and lung imaging.
This chapter deals with the fascinating topic of optoacoustic imaging, a recent powerful addition to the arsenal of in vivo functional and molecular small animal imaging. Due to its hybrid nature, involving optical excitation and ultrasonic detection, optoacoustics overcomes the imaging depth limitations of optical microscopy related to light scattering in living tissues while further benefiting from the compelling advantages of optical contrast. To this end, optoacoustic imaging has been shown capable of delivering multiple types of imaging contrast (structural, functional, kinetic, molecular) within a single imaging modality. It can further deliver images with high spatiotemporal resolution that rivals performance of other well-established whole-body imaging modalities. As such, optoacoustics can play a vital role in biomedical research, from early disease detection and monitoring of dynamic phenomena noninvasively to accelerating drug discovery.
This chapter is devoted to the properties and application of fluorescence dyes as probes for optical imaging. A variety of agents have been described to date, including nontargeting dyes, vascular agents, targeted conjugates, activatable dyes, and sensing probes. The major classes encompass polymethine dyes and xanthenes dyes, both of which are commercially available in broad variations. Addressing the purpose of optical animal imaging, the most relevant parameters to apply such probes are discussed, thereby supporting the reader in choosing reasonable imaging probes and in preparing bioconjugates for his studies.
|Title of host publication||Small Animal Imaging|
|Subtitle of host publication||Basics and Practical Guide|
|Editors||Fabian Kiessling, Bernd J. Pichler, Peter Hauff|
|Number of pages||98|
|Publication status||Published - 23 May 2017|