On independent set in B-1-EPG graphs

Stephane Bessy, Marin Bougeret*, Steven Chaplick, Daniel Goncalves, Christophe Paul

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

In this paper we consider the Maximum Independent Set problem (MIS) on B-1-EPG graphs, that is the one-bend (B-1) Edge intersection graphs of Paths on a Grid (EPG graphs). The graph class EPG was introduced in Golumbic et al. (2019) as the class of graphs whose vertices can be represented as simple paths on a rectangular grid so that two vertices are adjacent if and only if the corresponding paths share at least one edge of the underlying grid. The restricted class B-k-EPG denotes EPG-graphs where every path has at most k bends. The study of MIS on B-1-EPG graphs has been initiated in Epstein et al. (2013) where authors prove that MIS is NP-complete on B-1-EPG graphs, and provide a polynomial 4-approximation. In this article we study the approximability and the fixed parameter tractability of MIS on B-1-EPG. We show that the class of k >= 4 subdivided graphs is a subclass of B-1-EPG, even if there is only one shape of path and if each path has its vertical part or its horizontal part of length at most 1. This implies that there is no PTAS for MIS (and several other classical problems) on these particular B-1-EPG graphs. On the positive side, we show that if the length of the horizontal part of every path is bounded by a constant, then MIS admits a PTAS. Finally, we show that MIS is FPT in the standard parameterization on B-1-EPG restricted to only three shapes of path, and W[1]-hard on B-2-EPG. The status for general B-1-EPG (with the four shapes) is left open. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Original language English 62-72 11 Discrete Applied Mathematics 278 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dam.2019.10.019 Published - 15 May 2020 8th Workshop on Graph Classes, Optimization, and Width Parameters - Toronto, CanadaDuration: 1 Oct 2017 → …

Keywords

• Independent set
• B1 EPG graphs
• Approximation
• PTAS
• Parameterized complexity
• FPT
• EDGE-INTERSECTION GRAPHS
• APPROXIMATION ALGORITHMS
• OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS
• PATHS
• COMPLEXITY
• PLANAR