Occupational choice in the developing world

P. Nagler

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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The thesis studies two topics: rural entrepreneurship in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the introduction of a new unemployment insurance scheme in Chile – within the context of occupational choices under restricted conditions. In the first part, the patterns of rural entrepreneurship in six African countries are outlined, before analyzing the decision to operate an enterprise and its subsequent productivity. The thesis finds that entrepreneurship is ubiquitous in rural Africa, and that households operate businesses due to both pull and push factors. The results also show that the initial motivation to operate an enterprise affects its subsequent labor productivity. In the second part, the outcomes of a new policy introduction in Chile are examined: if a new unemployment protection scheme had an effect on employment duration, as well as on subsequent employment quality (measured by wage and contract type). The thesis finds that workers have shorter employment durations if affiliated to the new scheme, but that the effect on subsequent employment quality is limited: while contract types are not affected, wage growth is negatively affected, but the difference very small.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Mohnen, Pierre, Supervisor
  • Naudé, W., Supervisor
  • Vodopivec, M., Supervisor, External person
Award date9 Oct 2015
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789086663798
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • occupational choice
  • entrepreneurship in rural Africa
  • unemployment protection
  • Chile
  • labor markets

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