Object Recognition and Dorsal Stream Vulnerabilities in Children With Early Brain Damage

Ymie J. van der Zee*, Peter L. J. Stiers, Heleen M. Evenhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


AimVisual functions of the dorsal stream are considered vulnerable in children with early brain damage. Considering the recognition of objects in suboptimal representations a dorsal stream dysfunction, we examined whether children with early brain damage and impaired object recognition had either general or selective dorsal stream dysfunctions. MethodIn a group of children with early brain damage (n = 48) we evaluated the dorsal stream functioning. To determine whether these patients had an increased risk of a dorsal stream dysfunction we compared the percentage of patients with impaired object recognition, assessed with the L94, with the estimated base rate. Then we evaluated the performance levels on motion perception, visual attention and visuomotor tasks in patients with (n = 18) and without (n = 11) object recognition abnormalities. A general dorsal stream dysfunction was considered present if a patient showed at least one abnormally low score in two out of three additional dorsal stream functions. ResultsSix of the eighteen (33.3%) patients with object recognition problems scored abnormally low on at least two additional dorsal stream functions. This was significantly higher than the base rate (p = 0.01). The difference of 24.1% between the patients with and without object recognition problems was not significant. Of the patients with object recognition problems 72.2% had at least 1 dorsal weakness, whereas this was only the case in 27.3% of patients without object recognition problems. Compared to patients with normal object recognition, patients with object recognition problems scored significantly more abnormally low on motion perception and visual attention (ps = 0.03) but did not differ on visuomotor skills. ConclusionChildren with object recognition problems seem at risk for other dorsal stream dysfunctions, but dysfunctions might be rather specific than general. Multiple functions/aspects should be evaluated in neuropsychological assessment of children at risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number733055
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2022


  • L94
  • visual search
  • visual attention
  • motion perception
  • object recognition
  • dorsal stream dysfunction
  • visuomotor skills
  • early brain damage

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