O-(2-18F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine PET for evaluation of brain metastasis recurrence after radiotherapy: an effectiveness and cost-effectiveness analysis

Alexander Heinzel*, Dirk Mueller, Sareh Said Yekta-Michael, Garry Ceccon, Karl-Josef Langen, Felix M. Mottaghy, Martin Wiesmann, Martin Kocher, Elke Hattingen, Norbert Galldiks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background. Conventional MRI is the standard method to diagnose recurrence of brain metastases after radiation. However, following radiation therapy, reactive transient blood-brain barrier alterations with consecutive contrast enhancement can mimic brain metastasis recurrence. Recent studies have suggested that O-(2-F-18-fluoroethyl)-Ltyrosine (FET) PET improves the correct differentiation of brain metastasis recurrence from radiation injury. Based on published evidence and clinical expert opinion, we analyzed effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the use of FET PET in addition to MRI compared with MRI alone for the diagnosis of recurrent brain metastases.

Methods. A decision-tree model was designed to compare the 2 diagnostic strategies from the perspective of the German Statutory Health Insurance (SHI) system. Effectiveness was defined as correct diagnosis of recurrent brain metastasis and was compared between FET PET with MRI and MRI alone. Costs were calculated for a baseline scenario and for a more expensive scenario. Robustness of the

results was tested using sensitivity analyses. Results. Compared with MRI alone, FET PET in combination with MRI increases the rate of correct diagnoses by 42% (number needed to diagnose of 3) with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of is an element of 2821 (baseline scenario) and is an element of 4014 (more expensive scenario) per correct diagnosis. The sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the results.

Conclusions. The model suggests that the additional use of FET PET with conventional MRI for the diagnosis of recurrent brain metastases may be cost-effective. Integration of FET PET has the potential to avoid overtreatment with corresponding costs as well as unnecessary side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1278
Number of pages8
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • F-18-FET PET
  • cost-effectiveness analysis
  • decision tree model
  • recurrent brain metastases
  • POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY
  • RESPONSE ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
  • HIGH-GRADE GLIOMA
  • RADIATION NECROSIS
  • STEREOTACTIC RADIOSURGERY
  • WORKING GROUP
  • TUMORS
  • DIFFERENTIATION
  • NEUROONCOLOGY
  • F-18-DOPA

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