Nutrition, dietary habits, and weight management to prevent and treat patients with peripheral artery disease

Marios Sagris, Damianos G. Kokkinidis*, Ioannis G. Lempesis, Stefanos Giannopoulos, Loukianos Rallidis, Carlos Mena-Hurtado, Christos Bakoyiannis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 3%-10% of the Western population and if remains untreated can have devastating consequences to patients and their families. This review article analyzes how healthy dietary habits can decrease PAD rates when applied in the general population. The aim is to focus on dietary, nutritional and weight management interventions in patients with established PAD. Most adults with PAD are overweight or obese, while three out of four patients are characterized by deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. Weight loss interventions when needed and specialized dietary plans should be routinely recommended in patients with PAD. Appropriate nutritional support is of paramount importance in patients with advanced stages of PAD (critical limb ischemia).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-575
Number of pages11
JournalReviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • ADIPOSE-TISSUE DYSFUNCTION
  • ASSOCIATION TASK-FORCE
  • CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
  • DIABETES-MELLITUS
  • FATTY-ACIDS
  • GENERAL-POPULATION
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION
  • MEDITERRANEAN DIET
  • OCCLUSIVE DISEASE
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • VITAMIN-D DEFICIENCY
  • critical limb ischemia
  • diets
  • nutrition
  • prevention
  • treatment
  • weight loss
  • SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS

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