Nurses' wishes, knowledge, attitudes and perceived barriers on implementing research findings into practice among graduate nurses in Austria

Helga E. Breimaier*, Ruud J. G. Halfens, Christa Lohrmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

63 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Aims. To identify and describe nurses' wishes, needs, knowledge and attitudes to nursing research, as well as perceived barriers to and facilitators of research utilisation in nursing practice in Austria. Background. Research results are not always used in daily nursing practice, despite their potential to improve nursing care quality. A variety of factors impede their implementation and use. Nurses' wishes about research utilisation have scarcely been reported. No data are available yet from an Austrian perspective. Design. Descriptive and exploratory cross-sectional survey. Methods. The study was conducted in an Austrian university hospital in May 2007, including all graduate nurses (n = 1825). One thousand and twenty-three nurses returned the self-reported questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was performed initially, then group comparisons (diploma <2001, >= 2001) were computed inferentially using the chi-square test. Results. Nurses' most frequently indicated wishes regarding research implementation were adequate information, structural availability and professional support. Special points of interest were topics concerning nursing phenomena and interventions. Nurses' needs related to education in nursing science/research and its implementations were indicated as being predominantly of an introductory manner. Overall, nurses' attitudes tended to the negative. The top three named barriers to research utilisation were lack of time (69 center dot 9%), lack of information/knowledge (45 center dot 4%) and lack of interest (25 center dot 9%). Ten statistically significant differences were found between nurses of the two compared diploma groups. Conclusions. Participating nurses perceived a lack in sufficient education/information and adequate organisational support, impeding them to use research results in daily practice. Relevance to clinical practice. The results provide important insights into the matter of nurses' needs regarding the use and/or implementation of research results in practice, as well as about the promotion of positive attitudes towards research and its utilisation. These findings are of special interest to nurse educators, employers and countries introducing nursing science to improve the clinical outcomes for patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1756
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume20
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • attitudes towards nursing research
  • barriers to research utilisation
  • cross-sectional survey
  • nurses' wishes
  • research utilisation

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