Noise exposure and public health

W. Passchier-Vermeer, W.F. Passchier

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376 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure to noise constitutes a health risk. There is sufficient scientific evidence that noise exposure can induce hearing impairment hypertension and ischemic heart disease, annoyance, sleep disturbance, and decreased school performance. For other effects such as changes in the immune system and birth defects, the evidence is limited. Most public health impacts of noise were already identified in the 1960s and noise abatement is less of a scientific but primarily a policy problem. A subject for further research is the elucidation of the mechanisms underlying noise-induced cardiovascular disorders and the relationship of noise with annoyance and nonacoustical factors modifying health outcomes. A high priority study subject is the effects of noise on children, including cognitive effects and their reversibility. Noise exposure is on the increase, especially in the general living environment both in industrialized nations and in developing world regions. This implies that in the twenty-first century noise exposure will still be a major public health problem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume108
Issue numbersuppl. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

Cite this

Passchier-Vermeer, W., & Passchier, W. F. (2000). Noise exposure and public health. Environmental Health Perspectives, 108(suppl. 1), 123-131. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.00108s1123