No important influence of limited steroid exposure on bone mass during the first year after renal transplantation: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study

C.G. ter Meulen, I. van Riemsdijk, R.J. Hene, M.H. Christiaans, G.F. Borm, F.H. Corstens, T. van Gelder, L.B. Hilbrands, W. Weimar, A.J. Hoitsma

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Abstract

No important influence of limited steroid exposure on bone mass during the first year after renal transplantation: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study.

ter Meulen CG, van Riemsdijk I, Hene RJ, Christiaans MH, Borm GF, Corstens FH, van Gelder T, Hilbrands LB, Weimar W, Hoitsma AJ.

Division of Nephrology, University Medical Centre Nijmegen, The Netherlands. R.t.meulen@cwz.nl

BACKGROUND: Steroid-related bone loss is a recognized complication after renal transplantation. In a prospective, randomized, multicenter study we compared the influence of a steroid-free immunosuppressive regimen with a regimen with limited steroid exposure on the changes in bone mass after renal transplantation. METHODS: A total of 364 recipients of a renal transplant were randomized to receive either daclizumab (1 mg/kg on days 0 and 10 after transplantation; steroid-free group n=186) or prednisone (0.3 mg/kg per day tapered to 0 mg at week 16 after transplantation; steroids group n=178). All patients received tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and, during the first 3 days, 100 mg prednisolone intravenously. Changes in bone mineral density (BMD) were evaluated in 135 and 126 patients in the steroid-free and steroids group, respectively. RESULTS: The mean (+/- SD) BMD of the lumbar spine decreased slightly in both groups during the first 3 months after transplantation (steroid-free -1.3 +/- 4.0% [P<0.01]; steroids -2.3 +/-4.2% [P<0.01]). In the following months, lumbar BMD recovered in both groups (P<0.01), resulting in a lumbar BMD at 12 months after transplantation comparable with the baseline value. No difference between the groups was found at 3 months (steroid-free versus steroids +1.0%; 95% confidence interval -0.0%-+2.0%, P=0.060) and at 12 months after transplantation (steroid-free versus steroids +0.9%; 95% confidence interval -0.8%-+2.6%, NS). CONCLUSION: The use of a moderate dose of steroids during 4 months after transplantation has no important influence on bone mass during the first year after renal transplantation. On average, both regimens prevented accelerated bone loss
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
JournalTransplantation
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

Cite this

ter Meulen, C. G., van Riemsdijk, I., Hene, R. J., Christiaans, M. H., Borm, G. F., Corstens, F. H., van Gelder, T., Hilbrands, L. B., Weimar, W., & Hoitsma, A. J. (2004). No important influence of limited steroid exposure on bone mass during the first year after renal transplantation: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study. Transplantation, 78(1), 101-106. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.TP.0000133513.29923.44