NIH Public Access

Wim Groot, Nyasha Tirivayi, John R Koethe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background—There has been limited research to date on the effects of food assistance provided to HIV-infected adults in resource-constrained settings with a high prevalence of malnutrition and chronic food insecurity. We compare antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, weight gain, and CD4+ lymphocyte count change among HIV-infected adults enrolled in a clinic-based food assistance program in Lusaka, Zambia versus a control group of non-recipients. Methods—We conducted a cohort study incorporating interviewer-administered surveys and retrospective clinical data to compare ART patients receiving food assistance with a control group of non-recipients. Medication adherence was assessed using pharmacy dispensation records. We use propensity score matching to assess the effect of food assistance on outcome measures. Results—After 6 months, food assistance recipients (n=145) had higher ART adherence compared to non-recipients (n=147, 98.3% versus 88.8%, respectively; p
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'NIH Public Access'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this