New trends in the criminalization of stalking in the EU Member States

Suzan van der Aa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Article 34 of the Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence obliges signatory states to criminalize stalking. This article provides an inventory of criminal anti-stalking legislation in the 28 EU Member States in order to see whether they live up to this obligation. Although the number of Member States with dedicated legislation has increased significantly (n=21) there are some questionable trends, such as the proliferation of criminal provisions which require the victim to have experienced fear or distress or an inclusion of an exhaustive list of stalking tactics. Although the states are not in evident violation of article 34 their perception of what constitutes stalking sometimes deviates from the intentions of the Convention.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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