New Normative Values for Handgrip Strength: Results From the UK Biobank

M.A. Spruit*, M.J. Sillen, M.T. Groenen, E.F. Wouters, F.M. Franssen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVES: To develop normative values for right and left handgrip after stratification for confounders like gender, age, and height. Cross-sectional, descriptive. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: of 502,713 people living in the United Kingdom. INTERVENTION: None. Handgrip strength was measured using a Jamar hydraulic hand dynamometer, considered to be an accurate instrument to measure handgrip strength. In addition, self-reported chronic conditions and ethnic background were and lung function was assessed using spirometry. RESULTS: After individuals with missing data, a nonwhite ethnic background, the more self-reported conditions, and/or an obstructive lung function FEV1/FVC <0.7), new normative values for right and left handgrip derived from 224,830 and 224,852 individuals (54.2% women; age: 55.0 height: 169.0 [9.2] cm; body mass index: 26.9 [4.4] kg/m2) with a spirometry (FEV1: 3.0 [0.8] L). Men were stronger than women. Moreover, significant associations were found between handgrip strength and between handgrip strength and age. Finally, percentiles 5, 10, 25, 50, and 95 were calculated for right and left handgrip strength, after for gender, age, and height. CONCLUSION: The UK Biobank dataset provided opportunity to determine new normative values for handgrip strength in women aged 39 to 73 years. These normative values take into height, and measurement side. Therefore, these new normative handgrip values are of broad clinical interest.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775e5-775e11
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


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