New frontiers for environmental epidemiology in a changing world

CC Tonne, X Basagna, B Chaix, Maud Huynen, P Hystad, TS Nawrot, R Slama, R Vermeulen, Weuve J, M Nieuwenhuijsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: In the next 25 years, transformative changes, in particular the rapid pace of technological development and data availability, will require environmental epidemiologists to prioritize what should (rather than could) be done to most effectively improve population health.

Objectives: In this essay, we map out key driving forces that will shape environmental epidemiology in the next 25 years. We also identify how the field should adapt to best take advantage of coming opportunities and prepare for challenges.

Discussion: Future environmental epidemiologists will face a world shaped by longer lifespans but also larger burdens of chronic health conditions; shifting populations by region and into urban areas; and global environmental change. Rapidly evolving technologies, particularly in sensors and OMICs, will present opportunities for the field. How should it respond? We argue, the field best adapts to a changing world by focusing on healthy aging; evidence gaps, especially in susceptible populations and low-income countries; and by developing approaches to better handle complexity and more formalized analysis.

Conclusions: Environmental epidemiology informing disease prevention will continue to be valuable. However, the field must adapt to remain relevant. In particular, the field must ensure that public health importance drives research questions, while seizing the opportunities presented by new technologies. Environmental epidemiologists of the future will require different, refined skills to work effectively across disciplines, ask the right questions, and implement appropriate study designs in a data-rich world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironment International
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Environment
  • Epidemiology
  • Demographics
  • Technology
  • OMICs
  • Sensors
  • CLIMATE-CHANGE
  • AIR-POLLUTION
  • HEALTH
  • EXPOSURE
  • CHALLENGES
  • DEMENTIA
  • EXPOSOME
  • URBAN

Cite this

Tonne, CC., Basagna, X., Chaix, B., Huynen, M., Hystad, P., Nawrot, TS., ... Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (2017). New frontiers for environmental epidemiology in a changing world. Environment International, 104, 155-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.04.003
Tonne, CC ; Basagna, X ; Chaix, B ; Huynen, Maud ; Hystad, P ; Nawrot, TS ; Slama, R ; Vermeulen, R ; J, Weuve ; Nieuwenhuijsen, M. / New frontiers for environmental epidemiology in a changing world. In: Environment International. 2017 ; Vol. 104. pp. 155-162.
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Tonne, CC, Basagna, X, Chaix, B, Huynen, M, Hystad, P, Nawrot, TS, Slama, R, Vermeulen, R, J, W & Nieuwenhuijsen, M 2017, 'New frontiers for environmental epidemiology in a changing world', Environment International, vol. 104, pp. 155-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.04.003

New frontiers for environmental epidemiology in a changing world. / Tonne, CC; Basagna, X; Chaix, B; Huynen, Maud; Hystad, P; Nawrot, TS; Slama, R; Vermeulen, R; J, Weuve; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.

In: Environment International, Vol. 104, 07.2017, p. 155-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Basagna, X

AU - Chaix, B

AU - Huynen, Maud

AU - Hystad, P

AU - Nawrot, TS

AU - Slama, R

AU - Vermeulen, R

AU - J, Weuve

AU - Nieuwenhuijsen, M

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KW - Environment

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Demographics

KW - Technology

KW - OMICs

KW - Sensors

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - AIR-POLLUTION

KW - HEALTH

KW - EXPOSURE

KW - CHALLENGES

KW - DEMENTIA

KW - EXPOSOME

KW - URBAN

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DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2017.04.003

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JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

ER -