New developments in cognitive-behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED)

Sandra Mulkens*, Glenn Waller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent developments in cognitive-behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED). More specifically, the past five years were covered, with the latest UK and Dutch guidelines for eating disorders as a starting benchmark, and with special consideration of the past 18 months.

RECENT FINDINGS: The new research can be divided into findings that have: (1) reinforced our existing understanding of CBT-ED's models and impact; (2) advanced our understanding and the utility of CBT-ED, including its application for the 'new' disorder Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID); (3) suggested new directions, which require further exploration in clinical and research terms. These include learning from the circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic.

SUMMARY: CBT-ED has developed substantially in the past 5 years, with consolidation of its existing evidence base, further support for real-life implementation, extension of methods used, and the development of new approaches for working with younger people - particularly in the form of treatments for ARFID. Over the past 18 months, even more promising changes in delivery occurred in response to the COVID19 pandemic, showing that we can adapt our methods in order to work effectively via remote means. Challenges remain regarding poor outcomes for anorexia nervosa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)576-583
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
Volume34
Issue number6
Early online date26 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Avoidant
  • CARE
  • DISSONANCE
  • EFFICACY
  • ENDURING ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • OUTCOMES
  • PSYCHOTHERAPY
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
  • WOMEN
  • cognitive-behavioural therapy
  • cognitive-behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED)
  • eating disorders
  • recent developments

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