Neurological abnormalities in full-term asphyxiated newborns and salivary S100B testing: the "Cooperative Multitask against Brain Injury of Neonates" (CoMBINe) international study

D. Gazzolo, F. Pluchinotta, M. Bashir, H. Aboulgar, H.M. Said, I. Iman, G. Ivani, A. Conio, L.G. Tina, F. Nigro, G. Li Volti, F. Galvano, F. Michetti, R. Di Iorio, E. Marinoni, L.J. Zimmermann, A.D. Gavilanes, H.J. Vles, M. Kornacka, D. GruszfeldR. Frulio, R. Sacchi, S. Ciotti, F.M. Risso, A. Sannia, P. Florio

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in newborns: its prognosis depends both on the severity of the asphyxia and on the immediate resuscitation to restore oxygen supply and blood circulation. Therefore, we investigated whether measurement of S100B, a consolidated marker of brain injury, in salivary fluid of PA newborns may constitute a useful tool for the early detection of asphyxia-related brain injury. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 292 full-term newborns admitted to our NICUs, of whom 48 suffered PA and 244 healthy controls admitted at our NICUs. Saliva S100B levels measurement longitudinally after birth; routine laboratory variables, neurological patterns, cerebral ultrasound and, magnetic resonance imaging were performed. The primary end-point was the presence of neurological abnormalities at 12-months after birth. RESULTS: S100B salivary levels were significantly (P<0.001) higher in newborns with PA than in normal infants. When asphyxiated infants were subdivided according to a good (Group A; n = 15) or poor (Group B; n = 33) neurological outcome at 12-months, S100B was significantly higher at all monitoring time-points in Group B than in Group A or controls (P<0.001, for all). A cut-off >3.25 MoM S100B achieved a sensitivity of 100% (CI5-95%: 89.3%-100%) and a specificity of 100% (CI5-95%: 98.6%-100%) as a single marker for predicting the occurrence of abnormal neurological outcome (area under the ROC curve: 1.000; CI5-95%: 0.987-1.0). CONCLUSIONS: S100B protein measurement in saliva, soon after birth, is a useful tool to identify which asphyxiated infants are at risk of neurological sequelae.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0115194
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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Gazzolo, D., Pluchinotta, F., Bashir, M., Aboulgar, H., Said, H. M., Iman, I., Ivani, G., Conio, A., Tina, L. G., Nigro, F., Li Volti, G., Galvano, F., Michetti, F., Di Iorio, R., Marinoni, E., Zimmermann, L. J., Gavilanes, A. D., Vles, H. J., Kornacka, M., ... Florio, P. (2015). Neurological abnormalities in full-term asphyxiated newborns and salivary S100B testing: the "Cooperative Multitask against Brain Injury of Neonates" (CoMBINe) international study. PLOS ONE, 10(1), [e0115194]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115194