Need for recovery across work careers: the impact of work, health and personal characteristics

F.G. Gommans*, N.W.H. Jansen, D. Stynen, A. de Grip, IJ. Kant

*Corresponding author for this work

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PURPOSE: Employees experiencing a high need for recovery (NFR) are at risk of long-term adverse effects in both their health and labour participation. So far, the determinants of NFR across age categories remain unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the determinants of the NFR among employees in three age categories (30-44, 45-54 and 55-65 years), for men and women separately. METHODS: The study was based on data from the prospective Maastricht Cohort Study. Wave T3 (May 1999) was chosen as article baseline (n = 7,900). The follow-up period of 20 months included five follow-up waves. Cox regression analyses were performed to investigate the determinants, which originated from the work environment, health and lifestyle and personal domain of employees, of NFR across age categories over time. RESULTS: Cross-sectional results demonstrated substantial differences in mean scores and proportion of cases of NFR across age categories. Longitudinal analyses demonstrated risk factors in the multifactorial aetiology of NFR that played a role in all age categories, but also showed several age-specific risk factors, e.g. low decision latitude appeared to be a risk factor only in the oldest age category. CONCLUSIONS: Although selection effects may have occurred, this study shows that the risk factors for a high NFR were different among the age categories. To prevent and reduce a high NFR among employees, it is important to develop preventive measures that target age-specific risk factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-295
JournalInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Issue number3
Early online date3 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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