Abstract

Nausea is a common presenting symptom in medical care with a broad differential diagnosis. In this teaching article we provide practical information on many aspects of nausea including pathophysiology and differential diagnosis, history and physical examination, and diagnostic tests and treatment. This was done by means of answering several questions from the daily practice of general practitioners, specialists in internal medicine and surgeons. In a patient with nausea a provisional diagnosis can be made based on medical history, careful history-taking and age. Diagnostic testing is only performed on clinical suspicion and depends on the provisional diagnosis and presence of alarm symptoms. Tailored medical treatment of nausea is based on the provisional diagnosis and on the mechanism of action of the intended antiemetic agent.

Translated title of the contributionNausea: article for education and training purposes
Original languageDutch
Article numberD3978
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume164
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Antiemetics/therapeutic use
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures
  • Educational Status
  • General Practitioners
  • Humans
  • Internal Medicine
  • Medical History Taking
  • Nausea/diagnosis
  • Physical Examination
  • Specialization

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