Mutation analysis in congenital Long QT Syndrome--a case with missense mutations in KCNQ1 and SCN5A

A.D. Paulussen, G. Matthijs, M. Gewillig, P. Verhasselt, N. Cohen, J.M.M.R. Aerssens

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Abstract

Mutation analysis in congenital Long QT Syndrome--a case with missense mutations in KCNQ1 and SCN5A.

Paulussen A, Matthijs G, Gewillig M, Verhasselt P, Cohen N, Aerssens J.

Department of Pharmacogenomics, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Beerse, Belgium.

Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is a cardiac disease characterized by a prolonged QT interval on a surface electrocardiogram (ECG) and by clinical symptoms such as seizures, syncope, and cardiac sudden death. At present, causal mutations of LQTS have been identified in five cardiac ion-channel genes. Because a causal mutation is usually unique to a specific family and can be located in any region of any of these five genes, a mutation analysis effort may require screening of the complete coding regions of each of these genes. The causative nature of a detected mutation can then be determined either by family history or by functional studies, such as the electrophysiological signature of the mutation. Here we describe a mutation analysis of an LQTS patient who carries two heterozygous missense mutations in two different LQTS genes. The first mutation identified, A572D in SCN5A, was not linked with clinical LQTS features in the two other mutation carriers in the family; neither was it identified in 90 healthy controls. Therefore, this mutation most likely has either a mild effect on cardiac ion-channel function or represents a very rare polymorphism. The second mutation, V254M in KCNQ1, co-segregated with higher QT intervals and symptoms in other family members, and was previously reported in another LQTS family. Because the clinical LQTS symptoms are most pronounced in the proband, a combined effect of both mutations cannot be excluded, although no functional data are available to support such an hypothesis. We conclude that, for newly presented LQTS cases, a mutation analysis strategy should routinely screen the complete coding region
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
JournalGenetic Testing
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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