During the last 30 years, significant debate has taken place regarding multilevel research. However, the extent to which multilevel research is overtly practiced remains to be examined. This paper analyzes ten years of organizational research within a multilevel framework (from 2001 to 2011). The goals of this paper are a) to understand what has been done, during this decade, in the field of organizational multilevel research, and b) to suggest new arenas of research for the next decade. A total of 132 articles were selected for analysis through ISI Web of Knowledge. Through a broad-based literature review, results suggest that there is equilibrium between the amount of empirical and conceptual papers regarding multilevel research, with most studies addressing the cross-level dynamics between teams and individuals. Additionally, this study also found that the time still has little presence in organizational multilevel research. Implications, limitations and future directions are addressed in the end.
Costa, P. L., Graça, A. M., Marques-Quinteiro, P., Marques Santos, C., Caetano, A., & Passos, A. M. (2013). Multilevel research in the field of Organizational Behavior: An empirical look at 10 years of theory and research. SAGE Open, 3(3), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013498244