Moving out of the lab: movement analyses in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the main causes of physical limitations. In addition to osteoarthritis, obesity is also a growing public health problem. Research has shown that obese people are almost four times as likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knee. Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee develop compensation mechanisms during daily activities.
This dissertation focuses on the analysis of biomechanical components in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. The focus was on the knee adduction moment (KAM) during walking, stair climbing and sit-to-stand. A high KAM is associated with the onset and progression of osteoarthritis of the knee. Furthermore, this study focused on physical activity in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee with and without obesity. In this way, this research wanted to gain more insight into small changes in movement behaviour in these patients.
Accelerometery is a good way to understand quantity and quality of physical activity. Patients with both osteoarthritis of the knee and obesity have a significantly increased KAM compared to healthy subjects. However, presence of only osteoarthritis of the knee, does not result in an increased KAM. Furthermore, more insight was gained into the actual physical activity and limitations in daily life in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van Rhijn, Lodewijk, Supervisor
  • Meijer, Kenneth, Supervisor
  • Emans, Pieter, Co-Supervisor
Award date30 Apr 2021
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789464230628
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • obesity
  • biomechanics
  • knee adduction moment
  • accelerometery

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