Movement disorders are associated with schizotypy in unaffected siblings of patients with non-affective psychosis

Jeroen P. F. Koning*, Diederik E. Tenback, Rene S. Kahn, M. G. Vollema, W. Cahn, P. N. van Harten

*Corresponding author for this work

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Background. Movement disorders and schizotypy are both prevalent in unaffected siblings of patients with schizophrenia and both are associated with the risk of developing psychosis or schizophrenia. However, to date there has been no research into the association between these two vulnerability factors in persons with an increased genetic risk profile. We hypothesized that unaffected siblings of patients with non-affective psychosis have more movement disorders and schizotypy than healthy controls and that these co-occur. Method. In a cross-sectional design we assessed the prevalence and inter-relationship of movement disorders and schizotypy in 115 unaffected siblings (mean age 27 years, 44% males) and 100 healthy controls (mean age 26 years, 51% males). Movement disorders were measured with the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS), and one separate item for dystonia. Schizotypy was assessed with the Structured Interview for Schizotypy - Revised (SIS-R). Results. There were significant differences in the prevalence of movement disorders in unaffected siblings versus healthy controls (10% v. 1%, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2141-2147
JournalPsychological Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Movement disorders
  • psychosis risk
  • risk factors
  • schizophrenia
  • schizotypy
  • siblings

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