Monocytic microRNA profile associated with coronary collateral artery function in chronic total occlusion patients

Nazanin Hakimzadeh, Joelle Elias, Gilbert W. M. Wijntjens, Ruud Theunissen, Angela van Weert, Martijn W. Smulders, Nynke van den Akker, Perry D. Moerland, Hein J. Verberne, Loes P. Hoebers, Jose P. S. Henriques, Anja M. van der Laan, Mustafa Ilhan, Mark Post, Sebastiaan C. A. M. Bekkers, Jan J. Piek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


An expansive collateral artery network is correlated with improved survival in case of adverse cardiac episodes. We aimed to identify cellular microRNAs (miRNA; miR) important for collateral artery growth. Chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients (n = 26) were dichotomized using pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp) measurements; high collateral capacity (CFIp > 0.39; n = 14) and low collateral (CFIp <0.39; n = 12) capacity. MiRNA profiling via next generation sequencing from various monocyte phenotypes (freshly isolated monocytes, monocytes cultured without stimulant, or stimulation with lipopolysaccharide, interleukin 4, transforming growth factor beta-1, or interferon gamma) revealed significantly different miRNA expression patterns between high versus low collateral capacity patients. Validation by real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated significantly decreased expression of miR339-5p in all stimulated monocyte phenotypes of low collateral capacity patients. MiR339-5p showed significant correlation with CFIp values in stimulated monocytes. Ingenuity pathway analysis of predicted gene targets of miR339-5p and differential gene expression data from high versus low CFIp patients (n = 20), revealed significant association with STAT3 pathway, and also suggested a possible regulatory role for this signaling pathway. These results identify a novel association between miR339-5p and coronary collateral function. Future work examining modulation of miR339-5p and downstream effects on the STAT3 pathway and subsequent collateral vessel growth are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1532
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2017


  • STAT3


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