Monitoring Parkinson's disease symptoms during daily life: a feasibility study

Margot Heijmans*, Jeroen G. Habets, Christian Herff, Jos Aarts, An Stevens, Mark L. Kuijf, Pieter L. Kubben

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Parkinson's disease symptoms are most often charted using the MDS-UPDRS. Limitations of this approach include the subjective character of the assessments and a discrepant performance in the clinic compared to the home situation. Continuous monitoring using wearable devices is believed to eventually replace this golden standard, but measurements often lack a parallel ground truth or are only tested in lab settings. To overcome these limitations, this study explores the feasibility of a newly developed Parkinson's disease monitoring system, which aims to measure Parkinson's disease symptoms during daily life by combining wearable sensors with an experience sampling method application. Twenty patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease participated in this study. During a period of two consecutive weeks, participants had to wear three wearable sensors and had to complete questionnaires at seven semi-random moments per day on their mobile phone. Wearable sensors collected objective movement data, and the questionnaires containing questions about amongst others Parkinson's disease symptoms served as parallel ground truth. Results showed that participants wore the wearable sensors during 94% of the instructed timeframe and even beyond. Furthermore, questionnaire completion rates were high (79,1%) and participants evaluated the monitoring system positively. A preliminary analysis showed that sensor data could reliably predict subjectively reported OFF moments. These results show that our Parkinson's disease monitoring system is a feasible method to use in a diverse Parkinson's disease population for at least a period of two weeks. For longer use, the monitoring system may be too intense and wearing comfort needs to be optimized.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Number of pages6
Journalnpj Parkinson's Disease
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2019



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