Background/Aims: Dialysis providers frequently collect detailed longitudinal and standardized patient data, providing valuable registries of routine care. However, even large organizations are restricted to certain regions, limiting their ability to separate effects of local practice from the pathophysiology shared by most dialysis patients. To overcome this limitation, the MONDO (MONitoring Dialysis Outcomes) research consortium has created a platform for the joint analysis of data from almost 200,000 dialysis patients worldwide. Methods: We examined design and operation of MONDO as well as its methodology with respect to patient inclusion, descriptive data and other study parameters. Results: MONDO partners contribute primary databases of anonymized patient data and collaboratively analyze populations across national and regional boundaries. To that end, datasets from different electronic health record systems are converted into a uniform structure. Patients are enrolled without systematic exclusions into open cohorts representing the diversity of patients. A large number of patient level treatment and outcome data is recorded frequently and can be analyzed with little delay. Detailed variable definitions are used to determine if a parameter can be studied in a subset or all databases. Conclusion: MONDO has created a large repository of validated dialysis data, expanding the opportunities for outcome studies in dialysis patients. The density of longitudinal information facilitates in particular trend analysis. Limitations include the paucity of uniform definitions and standards regarding descriptive information (e.g. comorbidities), which limits the identification of patient subsets. Through its global outreach, depth, breadth and size, MONDO advances the observational study of dialysis patients and care. (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.