Moderating effect of gender on the prospective relation of physical activity with psychosocial outcomes and asthma control in adolescents: a longitudinal study

D. Tiggelman, M.O.M. van de Ven, O.C.P. van Schayck, R.C.M.E. Engels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Adolescents with asthma experience more psychosocial and physiological problems compared to their healthy peers. Physical activity (PA) might decrease these problems. This study was the first observational longitudinal study to examine whether habitual PA could predict changes in psychosocial outcomes (i.e. symptoms of anxiety and depression, quality of life [QOL] and stress) and asthma control over time in adolescents with asthma and whether gender moderated these relationships. Methods: Adolescents with asthma (N = 253; aged 10-14 years at baseline) were visited at home in the spring/summer of 2012 and 2013. They completed questionnaires assessing their habitual PA, symptoms of anxiety and depression, QOL, perceived stress and asthma control. Path analyses using Mplus were conducted to examine longitudinal relationships among habitual PA, psychosocial outcomes and asthma control (controlled for body mass index, age and gender). Using multi-group analyses, we examined whether gender moderated these relationships. Results: Path analyses in the total group showed that habitual PA did not predict changes in psychosocial outcomes or asthma control over time. Multi-group analyses showed that gender moderated the relation of habitual PA with anxiety and depression. Habitual PA only significantly predicted a decrease in anxiety and depression over time for girls but not for boys. Conclusions: Increasing habitual PA in girls with asthma might decrease their symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1049-1054
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Anxiety/depression
  • asthma control
  • chronic disease
  • quality of life
  • sports
  • stress
  • youth
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • PEDIATRIC ASTHMA
  • HOSPITAL ANXIETY
  • DEPRESSION SCALE
  • VALIDATION
  • EXERCISE
  • CHILDREN
  • PROGRAM
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • DISTRESS

Cite this