Modeling the mechanical and compression properties of polyamide/elastane knitted fabrics used in compression sportswear

Muhammad Maqsood*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A compression sportswear fabric should have excellent stretch and recovery properties in order to improve the
performance of the sportsman. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of elastane linear density and
loop length on the stretch, recovery, and compression properties of the weft-knitted polyamide/elastane (PA/EL)
stretchable fabrics used in sportswear. Two different tests were performed to study the stretch and recovery properties of
the fabric 1st: under low power force and 2nd: cyclic loading under high tension force. Kikuhime pressure sensor was
used to measure the pressure generated by different PA/EL knitted sample garment sleeves. It was found that with the
increase in elastane linear density there is an increase in fabric course density, areal density, recovery percentage, and
compression, and fabric stretch percentage and elongation percentage decreased in both course and wale direction. The
results of fabric samples were analyzed in Minitab statistical software. The coefficients of determinations (R2 values) of
the regression equations showed good prediction ability of the developed statistical models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1252
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Textile Institute
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • compression
  • recovery
  • sportswear
  • statistical model
  • stretch

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