Mild executive dysfunctions in undergraduates are related to recollecting words never presented

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore whether individual differences in executive function in undergraduate students ( n = 72) contribute to false recall and recognition as obtained with the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Participants were subjected to the DRM paradigm and also were given a test designed to assess executive function--the Random Number Generation task (RNG). A relationship was found between heightened seriation on the RNG (indicating a deficiency in the ability to inhibit cognitive schemes) and false recognition of non-presented, critical lure words in the DRM paradigm. This suggests that individual differences in executive function do occur in a healthy population and that the reconstructive activity inherent in memory depends in part on executive functioning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1077
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume116
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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