Migration and the education of children who stay behind in Moldova and Georgia

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Abstract

In Moldova and Georgia, two post-Soviet countries with high emigration rates, there is little systematic empirical research on the school performance of children whose family members migrate. This study uses nationally representative data (Moldova, N=814; Georgia, N=655) and employs child- and caregiver-reports of school performance of children living in different transnational family configurations. We found similar assessments of school performance by children and caregivers in Georgia, but results do suggest some differing perceptions in the Moldovan reports. Overall, fathers' migration, when mothers are caregivers, correspond to worsen education in Georgia. In Moldova, on the contrary, children with migrant fathers and cared for by mothers report improved school performance. Furthermore, in Moldova, better performance associates with parents being abroad, either together or divorced (child-reports) while decreased performance relates to the absence of remittances (caregiver reports). The findings highlight the importance of considering different transnational characteristics and who makes the assessment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-107
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Development
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Children left-behind
  • DIVORCE
  • GENDER
  • GHANA
  • Georgia
  • IMPACT
  • INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
  • MIGRANT PARENTS
  • Migration
  • Moldova
  • NIGERIA
  • PARENTAL MIGRATION
  • REMITTANCES
  • School performance
  • Transnational families

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