Abstract

There is scarce empirical evidence on the relation between migration and child health in Moldova and Georgia—two post-Soviet countries with large out-migration flows in the region. This study uses nationally representative data collected in 2011–2012 in Moldova (N = 1601) and Georgia (N = 1193) to investigate how children’s health associates with five transnational characteristics: migrant and return-migrant household types, parental migration and parental divorce, maternal and/or paternal migration and caregiver’s identity, the duration of migration, and remittances. Findings show that, regardless of the transnational family setting, children of migrants have overall positive or no differing health compared to children in non-migrant households. However, significant gender differences are found in both countries. More often than not, Moldovan and Georgian girls are more at risk of having poorer health when living transnationally.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComparative Migration Studies
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

JEL classifications

  • o15 - "Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration"
  • i00 - Health, Education, and Welfare: General
  • j13 - "Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth"

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Children left-behind
  • Georgia
  • Migration
  • Moldova
  • Transnational families

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